Effects of Childhood Stuttering on Attention Regulation in Emotionally Arousing Situations
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the relation between children’s attention regulation and stuttering in three different emotionally arousing situations. Participants were 15 monolingual, Standard American English speaking, preschool children who stutter (CWS) and 17 monolingual Standard American English speaking, preschool children who do not stutter (CWNS) between the ages of 3; 0 (years; months) and 5; 7. All participants had speech, language, and hearing development within normal limits, with the exception of stuttering for CWS. Measures included two indices of attention regulation (i.e., looks away from the computer monitor and off-topic statements), that were observed during the first three minutes of a “book reading” narrative production task. This task occurred immediately after listening to a pre-recorded emotionally arousing background conversation (negative, positive, and neutral). It was predicted that children who stutter would less efficiently regulate their attention in a negative emotionally arousing situation. Main findings indicated that CWS take fewer looks away from the computer monitor than CWNS during the narrative task and that it initially takes CWS longer to first look away from the computer monitor than CWNS. Findings were taken to suggest that CWS fixate their attention on a stimulus and are less able to disengage when required and/or appropriate while CWNS have the ability to flexibly shift their attention away from the same stimulus, especially in a negative arousing situation.
How to Cite
BUSH, Alison Lee. Effects of Childhood Stuttering on Attention Regulation in Emotionally Arousing Situations. Vanderbilt Undergraduate Research Journal, [S.l.], v. 2, aug. 2006. ISSN 1555-788X. Available at: <http://vurj.vanderbilt.edu/index.php/vurj/article/view/2732>. Date accessed: 26 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.15695/vurj.v2i0.2732.
Humanities and Social Sciences
stuttering, attention regulation, fluency
Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to Vanderbilt Undergraduate Research Journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are available for wide dissemination at no cost to readers, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. For undergraduates jointly authoring a manuscript with a faculty member, we strongly encourage the student to discuss with the faculty mentor and the Editor if the copyright policy will constrain future publication efforts in professional journals.